Frequently Asked Questions and Credits

What are your qualifications?

I am self-taught. I discovered how to teach myself by observing the skill of self-education in others. Perhaps true to my 'artist' nature, I was indecisive in my younger days about the direction I wanted my life to take. I spent some years studying various things, just for the sake of studying something. During those times, I learned more about life (and what not to do) but less about academic disciplines, since my heart was not in it. After that, I spent some years working in a print shop. It was here that I started to learn some of the fundamentals of digital design programs, and where I reconnected with my passion and curiosity for digital art. During this time, I also learned a lot about building effective working relationships with clients. I was still unsure about what to do, and interspersed my work with taking various other courses. I was also practicing digital art regularly as a hobby by that time.

Between two and three years ago, I decided that I have to make a clean break and pursue my passion to the fullest, which is what I did. I immersed myself into studying all the various aspects of digital art and design. To this day, I have not stopped. I am constantly learning and expanding. Because I am finally living out my passion, I have the best motivation to be as good at it as I can be. In addition to this, I am passionate that my work should be of value to others.

I feel confidently qualified in my knowledge of everything that I stipulate on my skills page. In addition, I make it my business to be an effective problem-solver and researcher. I do not feel that 'I have arrived.' Nor do I believe that any designer should feel that way, whether they are formally qualified or not. In any trade that one takes pride in, there is always something new to learn and do.

What do you charge?

Because each design job is so unique, it is very difficult to stipulate flat rates. Nevertheless, you can find a guide to my most popular business services on this page. I consider every job from various angles. These include how much work the client needs, how much research I need to do and how many different variations the client would like me to create. The amount of time that the client has allotted for the work to be completed also plays a role. It is likely that I will be able to charge less for work that is less urgent. If the client requests urgent work that I will need to prioritize, I may have to increase the rate.

I ensure that the client and I are on the same page regarding pricing at all times. In most cases, I require a deposit to be paid before the work is started.

Are all the images on the website yours?

Yes, all the images were created by me. All the work contained in the portfolio as well as every other visual asset on this webpage belongs to me. I designed and created every component of every image.

The only exceptions are the following:

The header image on the 'Skills' page, which displays the logos for various software applications that are included in my skill set. The header image was created by me, but the logos of course were not, and remain the property of their various owners (the relevant software creators.)

In my portfolio, the raster images are displayed in frames. I have used a mock-up frame to give a uniform and neat apperance. The frame is a free mock-up from Trappist Monk on Behance, and can be found here. The square frame mock-up used in my prints and patterns portfolio is by the same creator.

I also used a mockup for the printed scatter cushions, which is created by Ahmad Muradi and can be found here.

In the Visual Assets section of my portfolio, I have used a paper bag mock-up from Vectogravic Designs on Behance, which can be found here.

The printed flyer mock-up can be found here and the business card mockup can be found here.

I don't see exactly what I'm looking for on this site. Can you still help me?

By all means.

Please contact me with your specific enquiry. I love custom work and would gladly be of assistance. If your requirements are outside of what I can confidently provide, I will advise you, and refer you if I am able.

Did you design and code the entire website?


I am using the Bootstrap framework, which is just that - a framework. No templates, no predesigns. However, at this point in my web-development journey, the main reason that Bootstrap is so helpful to me is because it includes the necessary JavaScript to power slideshows, expandable content and collapsable menus.

My aim is to eventually be able to design responsively and interactively without a framework. Even then, I may still find myself using frameworks, because they do save time. The next step in my journey is definitely to learn JavaScript and jQuery. After that, I aim to learn a server-side language like PHP or Ruby.

However, while I was learning HTML, CSS and Bootstrap, I realized that it takes practice to actually get good at it. My attitude towards web-development is that I would rather spend a bit longer with a specific component and learn it thouroughly than to try and learn as much as possible in as short a time as possible.

But Bootstrap is so big... What about speed and bloating?

Good question!

I am very aware of performance and how speed affects user experience. It is my desire that on every site I build, user experience should be as fast, smooth and pleasant as possible.

I run all my CSS through Grunt-UnCSS to remove each Bootstrap rule that is not explicitely used on the website. Before I ship the code, files are minified to further compress them. The reduction in file size is quite significant: on average, about 90% of the excess weight is shed this way. My images are of course optimized for web. I try to keep my markup as clean as possible. I am also investigating my own CSS workflow to see where I can write better, faster CSS.